What is a sump pump?
Before choosing the right pump for your basement, you should understand what it is first. It’s defined as an electric power pump installed on the basement floor.
What’s the purpose?
The primary purpose of a sump pump is to eliminate unnecessary water out of the area when it’s raining hard. It’s an essential tool for your basement during hurricane and winter seasons.
What are the different types of sump pumps?
Different basements need a different type. Therefore, it’s important to carefully select the right pump that works well. Here are seven types to choose from.
1. Primary pumps are designed to move gallons of flowing water out of your basement when it’s raining.
2. A submersible primary pump doesn’t operate quietly but the noise level is reduced as its motor and impeller do the work underwater. It works smoothly throughout the downpour.
3. Pedestal is designed for a small basin installed in a narrow pit. Its pump base is submerged but the pump motor is located above the pit.
4. Backup with a float switch supplements primary pumps during unexpected power loss.
5. DC backup is a battery-powered unit that switches to battery mode once the AC power is down.
6. AC/DC owns a primary and built-in back up systems that pumps on AC power and DC.
7. Sewage pumps are installed in the basement bathroom either in the septic tank or separate pump chamber designed to expel solid and water waste to a septic system.
Common limitations of a primary sump pump
There are three, namely:
Excessive use – Although these electric tools are made to last for more than five years, these tools can easily give up when it’s used excessively. Excessive means it’s used every day for more than 24 hours nonstop or it’s used even when it’s not needed.
Mechanical failure – It happens. Homeowners buy that are not strongly recommended by basement waterproofing experts. Therefore, it’s easily broken.
Power outages – Non-battery operated pumps can’t function when there’s no electricity.
Can you buy backup pumps with traditional batteries?
Simple answer. It’s a yes.
What’s the difference between backup pumps with traditional and maintenance-free batteries?
Backup pumps with traditional batteries are made up of acid, in which the water is added occasionally for good functionality while those with maintenance-free batteries only require timer setting.
How to select the right sump pump for your basement?
Step 1: Choose the pump with the right amount of horsepower (HP) and with less maintenance.
A high horsepower pump requires a bigger sump pit. Average-sized homes with average water table require a 1/3 HP sump pump. The term “water table” is defined as “the upper limit of the ground portion that is totally saturated with water.”
Average-sized homes with above-average water table need a sump pump with 1/2 HP. Homes with high water table are susceptible to flooding. They need 3/4 HP.
Remember: Ask your local basement waterproofing company if you’re unsure what water table you belong.
Step 2: Choose a battery backup pump according to your need and budget.
Step 3: Install a heavy-duty sewage pump system when there’s a functional bathroom in the basement.
Step 4: Choose the one that offers longer warranty.
Step 5: Look for the one that is made of cast iron, which can handle the wear and tear of a basement.
How to install a sump pump?
Step 1: Diagnose the problem.
Step 2: Dig a pit.
Step 3: Install the system.
Remember: It’s best to hire a professional.
How to contact basement waterproofing expert for sump pump installation?
Step 1: Research for the best basement waterproofing company in your city. For example, if you live in New York, simply key-in the keywords “basement waterproofing in New York” and a number of links will appear with their addresses and phone numbers.
Call those numbers and get in touch with a basement waterproofing specialist. It’s simple, right?
Step 2: If you’re not in a hurry, you can also send an email to their customer service. You can ask questions such as “How much does it cost to waterproof the basement walls and floors?” or better yet, schedule a free inspection.